Setting up for Vocal Recording – Module from Producer's Guide to Vocals

in this module I'll be talking about choosing a mic what hardware you're gonna need and how to set them all up in your door the hardware you'll need are a condenser mic a pop shield a mic stand a preamp or a sound card that has a built-in preamp for the mic and the phantom power to power up the condenser mic itself you'll also need headphones for you and your singer to monitor the session and without sending the track back into the recording mic which can also introduce feedback and unwanted sound in this tutorial I'll be using the Mackie big knobs to separate headphone outputs so I can give different volume to me and the singer while monitoring you may want to compress the incoming vocal to level out the recording which we'll discuss later software wise you need a door capable of vocal recording which is pretty standard in logic Ableton Pro Tools and bigwig saw the mic itself well there are two main types of mic there is a dynamic mic and the condenser mic dynamic mics are relatively inexpensive they're pretty rugged and require no electrical power to operate them they're ideal for all-round sound pressure levels and tend to be used for live applications but they're not sensitive to high frequencies as condenser mics are so that's why for this session and most you your recording sessions I've done and being in we'll be using a condenser mic condenser microphones pick up a sound via a thin flexible diaphragm placed in proximity to a metal plate as opposed to the rigid diaphragm and coil system used by the dynamic microphones they also need power to operate and the most common source of that is a plus 48 volts DC phantom power condenser mics are also very sensitive to distant sounds and frequencies because of their sensitivity that's why they're often using the recording studios for live vocals for this tutorial I'll be using my own mid-range priced neumann TLM 103 make parole channel preamp with a built-in compressor and EQ and my favorite Apogee duet one which is just a stereo in and out sound card but I really like the analog to digital converters and it gives a really nice sound I'm also using a chaotic amide shield which the Neyman mic sits neatly inside and the pop shield fits on to the front this will ensure the vocalist pronunciations of any word with P's and B's don't pop and it also acts as a Debnath for the mic for the room reflections as you can see there's many mic shields available all with different prices so it's down to personal budget and taste but I would advise getting one just to get that nice clean vocal sound so hooking it all up so the knight is connected to the end of the preamp and then the out they're gonna go into the duet sound cards in which is then connected to the door via its supporting lead in this case Logic Pro or Ableton Live but the same setup can be setup in Pro Tools or any other within the door I can then set up the inputs and outputs and check the signal of the mic coming in using the preamp or the sound cards volume also when the singer arrives I'm going to make sure that they're stood in the correct mic position and the mic is at the correct height and also that they're standing roughly three to six inches away so now I'm all set up let's start recording in the next tutorial

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